Helmeted Guinea Fowl

ZOO LOCATION: African Rift Valley

Lifespan: About 15 years

Wild Diet: Insects

Zoo Diet: Seeds and small insects

Predators: Monkeys, genets, domestic cats and mongoose will all eat guinea fowl eggs.


IUCN Status: Least Concern

Habitat/Range: Native to dry areas of Africa

Characteristics: Has a bead-like design on its plumage occurring in the majority of species and consists of countless, closely set white dots on a dark background. The head has only a few feathers or none at all. They have a horny helmet on the top of their heads which has a variety of shapes.

Behavior: A very noisy bird. Guineas hate to be alone.

Reproduction: Both sexes look similar. Easiest way to sex is by the voice. Both males and females make a single syllable, machine-gun like alarm call, but only the females have a two syllable call. Often lays eggs out in the fields and hatch young by themselves. Incubation 26-28 days

Conservation: Helmeted guinea fowl were first domesticated by the ancient Romans. They are still used as a food source today.