Lifespan: About 10 years
Wild Diet: Insects and seeds
Zoo Diet: Poultry feed
Predators: Mountain lions, foxes, coyotes, raccoons and dogs.
IUCN Status: Least Concern
Habitat/Range: This species of turkey can be found in Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, Colorado and California.
Characteristics: A male turkey is much larger than the female hen and is called a "tom." He has many different colors in his feathers and has a tuft of feathers in the middle of his chest called a "beard." Males also have a small "horn" on top of their bills called a "snood," which can expand or droop when excited. Hens have more muted-colored feathers. They are dark brown with white flight feathers. The throat wattle is red and can change to bluish white.
Behavior: Turkeys will flock together based on sex and age.
Reproduction: One egg is laid a day until the clutch is between 9 and 11 eggs. Incubation lasts for about 28 days and all the poults will hatch the same day.
Conservation: The Bourbon red is a popular breed and is one of the most numerous historical turkeys.