Rio Grande Turkey

ZOO LOCATION: Rocky Mountain Wild and My Big Backyard

Lifespan: About 10 years

Wild Diet: Insects and seeds

Zoo Diet: Poultry feed

Predators: Mountain lions, foxes, coyotes, raccoons and dogs.


IUCN Status: Least Concern

Habitat/Range: This species of turkey can be found in Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, Colorado and California.

Characteristics: A male turkey is much larger than the female hen and is called a "tom." He has many different colors in his feathers and has a tuft of feathers in the middle of his chest called a "beard." Males also have a small "horn" on top of their bills called a "snood," which can expand or droop when excited. Hens have more muted-colored feathers. They are dark brown with white flight feathers. The throat wattle is red and can change to bluish white.

Behavior: Turkeys will flock together based on sex and age.

Reproduction: One egg is laid a day until the clutch is between 9 and 11 eggs. Incubation lasts for about 28 days and all the poults will hatch the same day.

Conservation: The Bourbon red is a popular breed and is one of the most numerous historical turkeys.